Society: the history of family allowances in France

Society: the history of family allowances in France

The 13 Hours of November 27 looks back at the history of family allowances in France. Aid created to encourage the birth rate.

Screen memory: the history of family allowances

Until the beginning of the 20th century, parents were responsible for their offspring alone. But the two world wars are a game changer. The State now takes its share and sets up the family policy: family allowances from 1918, family quotient in 1945 so that couples with children pay less tax. The war ended, the French made more and more babies and the birth rate skyrocketed. It’s the baby boom, with 200,000 more births in just five years.

France discovers the birth rate

In the 1960s, women demanded the right to contraception. The pill helps them. Direct consequence: women become mothers later and later. In the mid-1970s, the baby boom ended and France discovered declining birth rates. In 1986, the left created the parental education allowance. The women partially return home. Until the early 2000s, the measures followed one after another: paternity leave, back-to-school allowance, tax credit. Everything is good to restart the machine.