Hazelnuts, an essential ingredient in the manufacture of Nutella, are now the subject of controversy. Italian farmers, asked to cultivate a lot, are worried about the damage to the environment.
In a pot of Nutella, there are 13% hazelnuts. Until then, they were mostly produced in Turkey, but the United Nations has singled out the use of child labor, employed by Turkish subcontractors. The Ferrero group has just paid four million euros to fight against this phenomenon and it is trying to repatriate part of its production. In Tuscany, farmers will plant up to 500 hectares of hazelnut trees. They are offered a contract: they only sell to the manufacturer who guarantees them a fixed price in exchange.
High demands on quality
In its factories, the manufacturer calibrates the hazelnuts. They should be round, dense and free from insect attack. A quality difficult to obtain which makes it necessary to select the type of hazelnut trees and to treat the trees. The monoculture of hazelnuts creates difficulties such as the drying up of groundwater and the disappearance of other fruit crops established in Tuscany. This is why the hazelnuts agreement deeply divides the agricultural world.